Yakubu Gowon was born on October 19, 1934 in plateau state, his parents were Christians missionaries Gowon attended his first education in Zaria (Hausa land), where he learn how to speak Hausa and Fulani fluently. Gowon later went to foreign countries both for military training alongside formal studying. After several training and education he has received. Gowon journeyed back home and became a star officer, his ability to assimilate has really helped Gowon to rise rapidly among his military counterpart. Apart from this he was known to find favor anywhere he get too, both from the rich and the influential! All this makes him find favor from the queen and other Britain’s royal family.
China Achebe, the author of “There was a country”
and Things fall apart”, found gowon as:
A particular favorites of the queen and other members of Britain’s royal family, a fact that he relished immensely. He impressed the British monarchy as a sincere God-fearing leader who was determined to work for the development of his country under conditions of international peace and stability. He did not fail to impress Britain’s cousins across the Atlantic either at any opportunity.
MAJOR KADUNA CHUKWUMA NZEOGWU
It all started in January 15 1966 when Major chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu led a coup which was a success, this coup which as no meaning to the Biafra agitators, the coup that the Biafra agitators don’t make reference too, the co-founder of the Biafra agitator should have make reference to this coup before they announce their secession from Nigeria and view the inner effect of the first coup on the unison of Nigeria. Most of the havoc befallen the country Nigeria should be blame on this first coup, this bloody and deadly coup as being the basis for fractionalization, tribalism, nepotism and all other related societal impunity.
Massob, Ipob, Mend, BIm e.t.c. and some other groups who refers themselves as militants epitome are the popular NDA( Niger Delta Avengers) who plans to be fighting for the rights of the Niger deltans by destroying Nigerians pipelines and this have encourage more militancy group to erupt and carrying out the same bombing as the popular militant group, God knows what actually this groups are fighting for.
The coup in January 15 1966 was very bloody and was recorded as the most notorious and deadly coup in Africa, during this time Nigeria was observing her first republic guided by the Republican constitution, this type of government run during this first republic is called the parliamentary system of government where representatives are elected from all county and regions of the country and the party that wins the majority seat will be given the opportunity to choose the prime minister.
The Northerner’s occupies the highest number of seats in Nigeria National assembly, so automatically they are to appoint or elect the prime minister. There are three parties which are the most popular in the 1st republic general election which are:
: NPC (Northern peoples congress)
: AG (Action Group)
: NCNC (National councils of Nigeria and the cameroons.
The NPC is controlled by the northern region, the AG is controlled by the western state and the NCNC is controlled by the eastern state. The names of these parties needs to be looked into by the political scientist, why is it that its only the northerners that’s decides to name their party in relation to their region “northern” as seen in Northern people congress.
The NPC pulls the largest seat in the Parliament, according to the constitution of the first republic it is their right to nominate/elect the prime minister to execute and complete their constitutional right they nominated Ahmadu Bello, who is also the then sarduana of Sokoto but he refused the offer and shifted it over to Tafawa Balewa who is also the member of Northern people’s congress (NPC).
What gives me a mental pabulum about this historical prime minister of a thing is that its function is to govern and pilot the affairs of the country, so what is the function of the Ceremonial president. The difference between his office and the office of the prime minister is still unclear.
These set of people are governing when some set of people who are murderers disguise in uniform, suddenly destabilize the unity and peace of the country and destroys the wheels of the unison of Nigeria.
Major chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu, who set the wheels of the coup, the one who also put it into motion, he plans and executive the first ever military coup in Nigeria, Major Kaduna was a junior officer accomplice are other junior officer like him. It was said that they are all easterners I.e The Igbo’s officers that executed the first coup except from one Yoruba man, they carried out the coup and it became a success.
They killed the premier of northern region, the prime minister also from the north, The premier of western region was also executed and the then minister of finance who was the only Igbo casualty in the drama of the 1st coup while others are majorly Hausas and the rest are Yoruba’s.
The reason for this coup was unknown and unclear, It gives me an unclear and compromising thought, why did they planned the coup, are they sent by senior officers, what is their motive, why are they all Igbo’s.
After this coup the most senior military officer then became the head of state (Major general Aguiyi Ironsi Johnson)
Aguiyi ironsi is from the east I.e an Igbo man and he was the head of the military then, who under his watch some set of junior officers carried out a gruesome coup, this also needs to be looked into.
Its not quite long when aguiyi ironsi arrived power when another coup takes place this coup is called a counter coup, it was carried out exactly 6months after the first coup. This counter coup are carried out by the northern officers where Aguiyi Ironsi lost his dear Life. This coup is just like a retaliation of what the Igbo’s had done to their own leaders.
When this coups becomes a success, for it not to be called retaliation which it was or not to be called fractionalization struggle or also a quest for power for the two regions. A north central man who is not a Muslim but a Christian, who is not a pure Hausa or Fulani man, who has served in the supreme military council of Aguiyi Ironsi was chosen to be the head of state. This man is YAKUBU GOWON.
He served as the chief of army staff under Aguiyi Ironsi, he was chosen for some rationales so that the southern region won’t see it as the domination of the Hausa’s and religious sectionalism. Yakubu Gowon who as being jealousy by his colleagues because of his age and lucks. Even his Northern officers not to talk about officers from the neighboring regions(west and the east).
Yakubu Gowon installs military governor to regions. He appoint Emeka OJukwu as the governor of eastern region it was recorded he served reluctantly. Believing his better than the man, and also suspecting and curious about Yakubu’s role in the counter coup which brought him to power.
I can’t believe there will be a man thinking about what as happened to an officer from his region not thinking about what the junior officers as brutally did to the northern leaders, but now dwelling on the grudge of the nemesis that catches up with the head of state whom under his watch the coup takes place.
During yakubu Gowon regime it was discovered there were pogroms befallen the easterners, the cause of this is still obscure, but to what as happened from the time of the first coup I think its also a nemesis catching up with them, because the north are afraid of other things they might carried out, and it was said that the Igbo’s knows so much about business so they are making the Hausa feel inferior, they are also scared of Igbo’s, an Igbo was the one who started what is refer too as coup in Nigeria. These as created fears in the northerners that the Igbo’s are desperate for power.
Not too long Yakubu Gowon organised a National conference to discuss the fate of the country. This conference was the first place where the sovereign state of Biafra was indirectly mentioned. The easterners said they wants to stand alone as a country, they wants to be alone after a junior officer from their country have destroyed the wheel of unison in Nigeria, after a junior officer from the east have planted the seed of Nepotism and tribalism in Nigeria.
If major Kaduna of blessed memory had not executed the first coup, there won’t be a counter coup on a seating head of state. Chukwuemeka Ojukwu never thought of all this, he carries this grudge and was blinded by the fact that the major resources use to govern the federal republic of Nigeria are all from his region. Why will Emeka decides to create the sovereign state of Biafra. I wonder why he had decided to join the military after his verse education and exposure, he didn’t joins his father business but decides to join the military, this remains obscure to me, not that there are no educated military officer buts its one in a million and that one in a million can’t be as educated as Ojukwu, someone like ojukwu would have went for a white collar job or a professional job, but he joins the Army his action should have calls for suspicion back then. He was highly respected and rose through the ranks, his saluted by colleagues due to his command of English and oratory skills.
Ojukwu was older than gowon and highly educated than him this makes ojukwu looks down on Gowon, they both went to Sandhurst for military training. At the long run, Ojukwu decides for his region to be secession from Nigeria by the actualization of the sovereign state of Biafra back then in 1967. ……